How to treat mental health issues

Many people have mental health issues but they are unaware of their existence.

Some people are suffering from anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, PTSD, and the likes, but they have no idea eat. To determine if you are struggling with mental health problems, there are some ways to find out.

First, you might have to undergo a physical exam where the doctor will check out for physical problems that might cause those symptoms.

Also, you might need to undergo lab tests to check what is going on within your body.

Lastly, you may need to opt for a psychological evaluation. This is where a mental health professional or doctor discusses with you your symptoms, behavioral patterns, emotions, and feelings. Psychotherapy

This is also known as talk therapy. Psychotherapy involves discussing your condition with someone who truly understands like a mental health professional.

Psychotherapy allows you to know more about coping skills to provide balance to your mental health.

There are different ways for psychotherapy to take place. It can be with family members, a group, or individually. The goal of counseling in psychotherapy is to truly understand the patient’s needs and help them restore their mental health to normalcy.

Cesano Maderno Residential treatment programs

If an individual’s mental health problem is quite intense, they might need to stay within a health facility like residential treatment or a hospital. Some of the available options might include a permanent or temporary residence depending on how severe the case is. Medications

It is important to note that medications do not cure mental health illnesses. However, they can be used to improve symptoms. Patients are advised not to undergo self-medication to avoid worsening their situation.

Some medications used to treat mental health problems are antidepressants, mood-stabilizing medications, antipsychotic medications, and anti-anxiety medications.

When receiving treatment for mental health problems, it is best to fully cooperate with the mental health therapist or counselor. Ensure you carry them along every step of the way.

Signs of mental health problems

Mental health problems do not appear instantly. People who experience mental health issues will begin to observe some gradual changes in their behavior and overall way of life. This will build up over time before the mental health problem becomes fully blown.

One of the best ways to help an individual with mental health issues is to identify the signs.

Often, many people with mental health problems live in denial because they don’t want to be associated with the stigma that comes with mental illness.

This is why many of them find it difficult to seek help. In this article, you will learn some of the common signs of mental illness so that you can help people around you.

Sleep disorder

Someone with mental health problems is likely to experience a sleep disorder. The individual might struggle with finding regular sleep, or they might be sleeping more than usual. This shows that they are struggling with something that has affected their mental health.

Unstable mood

An individual with mental illness might not have a stable mood. They may be energized for a short time only to switch to being depressed. It might be hard being around such people because they might take out their frustration on you for no reason.

A drop in performance/productivity

Another way to know when an individual has mental health issues is when there is a decline in their performance. If they work in an organization, it might be difficult for them to hit milestones like before.

They will struggle with tasks and it would be evident in their overall performance. Similarly, if they are in school, their results would be below par.  

Disconnection from reality

Someone with mental health problems will experience feelings of disconnection. It will be evident that they have lost touch with themselves and their surroundings. Such people are likely to have strained relationships because they can’t understand themselves.

Other likely signs of mental health problems are withdrawal, problems thinking, apathy, illogical thinking, enhanced sensitivity, etc.


Another name for mental health counseling is psychotherapy. This is a form of counseling that caters for the mental health of an individual. The reason why mental health counseling exists is because there are mental health problems.

Hence, there is an urgent need for these problems to be handled by professionals who are well versed in this concept.

It would interest you to know that, mental health counseling is not just a series of assessment conducted on an individual. If it were so, anyone could fill in for the role of a mental health counselor.

However, mental health counseling is more than that. A good number of times, mental health counselor uses clinical methods to make its work more proficient.

Mental health counseling does not have a definite time frame. It depends on the type of mental health problem and how severe it is.

Mental health counseling is necessary is ensuring a better quality of life. This is possible because you will be exposed to new ways on how to handle life better than you used to.

Mental health counseling is sometimes regarded as an avenue that affords you the chance to personally empower yourself.

People who feel stigmatized need to undergo mental health counseling. It would be crucial in helping them boost their self-esteem. Social stigma has a way of making you feel less of yourself but with mental health counseling, you will realize that you are better than you think.

In addition to this, you will learn during mental health counseling that there are some needed skills that you are missing out on. Having these skills are necessary in averting a possible mental health problem.

During mental health counseling, individuals are advised to be as plain as possible when relating with the counselor. This would help the mental health counselor to create a treatment schedule for you based on the peculiarity of your case.

It is certain that if you have a mental health problem, seeking help would help you become a better person.  


Mental health is a broad concept and it is something most people have a vague idea about. Mental health is all-encompassing, it includes our social, psychological and emotional well-being. Our mental health affects how we feel, think and act.

Knowing how our mental health works also allows us to handle stress effectively and how we relate with other people. At every stage of our life, our mental health is important and it is a concept that we need to pay good attention to.

If you experience mental health problems at any stage of your life, there is bound to be a disruption in your normal thoughts process alongside with your behavior and mood.

A good number of people have mental health problems but they are not aware. This is because they have not paid good attention to the warning signs.

Below are common warning signs concerning mental health problems

  • Eating too much
  • Excessive sleeping
  • Insomnia
  • Having little or no energy
  • Feeling aches
  • Indulging in substance abuse or behavioral addiction
  • Picking up quarrels with loved ones
  • Experiencing mood swings
  • Hallucinations and fantasies
  • Inability to carry out important tasks

All these are more are common warning signs that you have a mental health problem. So, what do you do when you notice any of these? It is important to see a mental health counselor who would help out. The beauty about all these is, mental health counselors are skilled in the act of helping you get back on your feet.

So, irrespective of how chronic your mental health problem is, you can be sure that there is always a way out.

Also, there are some measures you can put in place all by yourself to keep a positive mental health. You can make moves to connect with other people. Always remain positive because this is one of the keys to ensuring a positive mindset.

Lastly, ensure you remain physically active and maintain a high-quality diet.

Mental Health Issues and Bullying

mental illness bullyingA person’s mental health issues can be the source of a great deal of bullying through out their life. Starting in adolescence, harsh opinions of mental problems begin to emerge in the form of bullying and avoidance. Children bully one another for a number of reasons, many of which are not mental health related. And even though mental health issues are just beginning to form in childhood, they can still be present and other children can sense them.

As children, people bully others blatantly for being different, and this phase of life can prove to be very difficult for those who struggle with mental problems. Children are only beginning to develop the mental problems that they will likely struggle with their entire lives, but this is enough to get them ostracized by other children. This is hurtful, scarring and sometimes even traumatic for young children. The ramifications of this can often be seen through out a person’s entire life, well into their adulthood.

In adulthood, bullying is called “stigmatizing,” which is the process of judging people and holding them responsible for their mental health problems. Children bully without inhibition where as adults bully in a more underhanded way, but it all stems from the same immature intolerance. People are inherently more comfortable around others like them. Those who mature properly come to realize that diversity is reality, and mental disorders are part of diversity. They learn to accept and work with those who have a mental illness at whatever level they can. Unfortunately, many people choose to continue limiting themselves to people like them so that they do not have to grow outside their comfort zone. This means they continue to ostracize people with mental disorders and prohibit them from being part of their group. The stigmatizing of mental disorders is ugly, but there is a great deal of awareness being called to them because they are so present in our culture.

The Fear of Being Damaged Goods

fear of mental disorderThe stigma around counseling is due in part to the shared human fear of being damaged goods. Most people who consider counseling abandon it as an option when they think about what it means that they would need counseling. What if their friends and coworkers found out they needed counseling? Would they not be labeled as unstable? A person’s fear of needing counseling often prevents them from satisfying their need for counseling.

From a young age, people segregate those who are interpreted to be dissimilar from the group. Those who are unique, different or hard to understand are ostracized, and people who are believed to be mentally disturbed have the worst of it. During adolescence, a person is just discovering and forming their mental instabilities, and does not think of them as mental problems yet. But the lessons of adolescence stick on into adulthood: we are better off without those who are difficult to understand.

Regardless of whether or not a person is actually mentally disturbed, they observe this segregation pattern from an early age and determine that having a mental hardship of any sort is bad and undesirable. No one wants to be kicked out of the group, and they fear that any indication of mental instability on their part will earn them that punishment. This is what inspires people to keep their mental problems hidden away where their community cannot see them. Mild and severe mental disorders alike frequently spend their existence in hiding out of fear of being condemned.

Becoming a mature adult involves unlearning a lot of things one learns as a child. In order to defeat mental health stigmas, we must first come to understand that the basis for them is in ignorance. We ostracize people before we grow into the mental capacity to understand that people are meant to be different and mental illness is unavoidable for many people. Part of maturity is practicing tolerance and acceptance of those who are different, even those who can be difficult. It is hopeful that humanity can achieve this in the age of information where literature about mental illness is everywhere.

The Hardest Step

the hardest step in counselingThe moment when a person breaks through the stigma around counseling and chooses to reach out for help represents their ability to take the hardest step in recovery. This is a very important milestone. It is the moment when a person decides that their mental health and the mental health of those close to them is far more important than some flimsy sense of pride and misguided self preservation. Making the difficult decision to take the first step in reaching out for help demonstrates the person’s clarity, honesty and sense of responsibility.

A clear headed person is able to identify within themselves what the need for counseling is. Our misguided societal stigma tells us to bury and mask our need to reach out for help, but mental health professionals do not agree with how society approaches this matter at all. According to them, it is far more rational and dignified to seek counsel for the areas in your life that are not being properly managed. This prevents the collapse of self awareness and objectivity. Counselors esteem people for reaching out for help and praise the clarity they demonstrate by recognizing a legitimate need within themselves.

Honesty and responsibility are another set of virtues demonstrated by the courage of being vulnerable. The stigma around counseling would inform a person that they are low in personal character for needing counseling, when in fact, identifying that you need help shows remarkable honesty with one’s self, and a mature sense of responsibility in understanding that management of your problems is critical.

Taking the initial step in seeking counseling is considered to be the hardest part, even by mental health professionals. They commend people for going from a state of isolation with their problems to a state of sharing and openness about their problems. Regardless of what type of counseling is needed, be it relationship, family, addiction or alcoholism counseling, you will be praised for reaching out. When all is said and done, this is far healthier than the alternative.

The Stigma Around Counseling

Counselling and SupportCounseling is a necessary and beneficial tool to society, but it has come to be stigmatized as a sign of weakness and brokenness. In many factions of society, it is considered a disgrace to need counseling. It is looked down on as something that broken, weak, whiny people require. This stigma originates from thousands of years of people having to cope with hardships and trials in the midst of cultures that did not approve of weakness. In modern times, we understand the intricacies of human mental health far better than we did in the past, yet still people consider it a sign of weakness to explore it with a professional for the purpose of bettering one’s self.

One of the most common stigmas of receiving counseling is that the individual must be broken or damaged goods. Society sees this type of person as throw-away and unable to contribute anything of value. It is true that people tend to seek counseling to remedy something that is going wrong in their lives, such as their marriage or their life’s direction. However, assuming that anyone who needs counseling for matters such as these must be broken rather than simply having the wisdom to know when to seek help is the root of harmful stigmas.

Another widely spread stigma of a person who needs counseling is that they are weak, needy and cannot handle themselves. The idea of counseling indicating weakness is an old, pervasive one. Men in particular still fall victim to this way of thinking all the time. Asking for help is perceived as a sign of weakness. This is an attitude that many have worked long and hard on to eridicate. In fact, possessing any understanding of human behavior means that you already know better; that requiring counseling makes a person more sturdy and self aware than burying the feelings one is going through.

And lastly, it is common to be stigmatized as a whiny, emotional crybaby for needing counseling. People value strength and stability over expressing their hardships, which has lead to a collective mindset that opposes reaching out for help. Nothing could be further from the truth. Allowing one’s self to be vulnerable enough to seek help is a sign of strength.

The Reality of Counseling

counseling realityIt is common for people to stigmatize counseling, but the reality of counseling is far different from what the stigma of it would have a person believe. Needing counseling is stigmatized as a sign that a person is damaged goods; a disgrace to their family and their reputation. Men in particular believe in this stigma as there are still heavy expectations placed on men to conceal their emotions. What counseling actually represents is courage, responsibility and success.

The first reality about counseling that people need to come to terms with is that counseling is for everyone because no one has perfect mental health. A person who claims they have no need for counseling is fooling themselves. Everyone can benefit from bringing an objective outside opinion into their situation to find their areas of weakness and work on them. Our society’s present stigma on counseling is that it is only for broken people, but this is far from the truth.

Another errant stigma on counseling is that receiving it is a sign that a person is unhealthy and dysfunctional, when in fact, receiving counseling is highly responsible and healthy. Anyone who takes the step into committing to counseling should be commended for their bravery and their recognition of a crucial necessity. A person’s ability to recognize their own flaws and harmful tendencies indicates strong self awareness and dedication to good mental health. If one has identified harmful behavior they perpetrate and does nothing about it, they are being irresponsible with their own well being and the well being of those they care about.

Another important point to embrace in stripping away the stigmas from counseling is that counseling actually works. People are social creatures and part of being social is learning from others. Before counseling was a profession, it was merely an old tradition. People would spend time receiving counsel from a well respected person in their community in order to get through trying personal matters. It used to be understood that this was a necessary part of life because it offered people the guidance they required. In modern times, this practice has become looked down upon as a sign of weakness, which is preventing people from seeking the counsel they are intended to have.

The Origin of Stigmas

stigma originStigmas appear in numerous areas of life. A stigma is defined as a mark of disgrace on something, be it a person, a quality or a circumstance. If a collective mentality forms around something and labels it as disgraceful, people will do their best to sweep it under the rug. This may include a mental disorder, a break from social norms, a type of job or any number of things that people do. The stigma around mental unhealthiness extends to counseling and inspires many people to hide their need for counseling from the world. The formation of stigmas is a uniquely human thing to do and represents a weakness in our psychology.

The inherently unnatural thing about forming stigmas is, of course, that the things that become stigmatized are a natural, unavoidable part of life. There have always been mentally unhealthy people. There has always been a defiance of social norms. What the collective opinion considers ideal is seldom met, yet people will go to great lengths to conceal the fact that their lives are less than ideal, or that they are in some way associated with someone who is less than ideal. The choice to do this is ultimately unhealthy for the person choosing it because it creates secretiveness, dishonesty and a rejection of one’s own identity.

The reason that stigmas do not benefit people is because the flaws in people, conditions and circumstances that become rejected are completely natural and should have a place among society. Individuals who embody a stigma become widely rejected, which is highly detrimental. Society tends to want to throw out what it considers flawed, which is a natural human tendency, but a lesser one. The healthiest kind of society would go to the aid of those who embody a stigma and offer them support. People who embody stigmas are our friends, family members, neighbors and acquaintances. We do no benefit to anyone by holding stigmas over them and avoiding them. This is an exclusive way of thinking that hurts society far more than it helps it.